Jan 292010

War and Peace in South Sudan

The US-brokered peace agreement between North and South Sudan stipulates that in 2011 Southern Sudanese may vote in a referendum whether or not to remain part of the Republic of Sudan or to secede, thereby taking much of Sudan’s oil-reserves with it.

As the government in Khartoum fails to make good on the peace dividends mandated by the Comprehensive Peace Agreement Southerners remain wary of the North.

Moreover, continued incursions by Sudanese Armed Forces or allied militia in oil-rich parts of South Sudan, such as that witnessed in Abyei in 2008 in which 18 civilians were deliberately killed and tens of thousands more displaced, only serve to create further instability and threaten to de-rail the peace agreement altogether.

Sabre-Rattling – Charles Yor Odhok, PhD, Parliamentary Speaker; former SPLM rebel; “Warlord”.

Subtitle Dr. Charles: “Tell Omar Bashir, we told them, tell Omar Bashir, and we are asking our American friends also to talk to Omar Bashir, if not even subdue him, not to talk about war, because it is not a good thing. It’s not even a good thing for him. It’s not even a good thing for Northerners. Because who knows? Despite the Chinese weapons he is getting, can they defeat the SPLA? Which is now existing in our main towns, and at the boundaries. Can they defeat it? They could not defeat it when they were just fighting in the jungle. When we are fighting at the boundaries we do not know who can easily cross whose border. We do not know who is at the boundaries. The boundaries are being disputed. We are almost closer to the boundaries. As we don’t want war, we don’t want war. But if they attempt to invade Southern Sudan we do not know who will cross whose border quicker than the other.”